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工程院院士为兽医正名!兽医的重要性高于人医!

今年以来,农业农村部组织全国兽医系统坚持稳中求进的总基调,出实招、破难点,疫病防控策略全面优化升级、动物疫病区域化管理取得重大突破,全国动物防疫工作取得积极成效。畜牧兽医的专项防治工作是公共卫生中重要的一部分,防疫工作的展开为畜牧业的发展创造了良好的环境。当今社会畜牧业广泛发展,其中的安全防疫卫生工作也逐渐被兽医工作者所重视。

 

兽医的重要性高于人医

从某种意义上来说,兽医的重要性要高于人医。”谈及兽医学,中国工程院院士张改平如此评价说。他认为,兽医学保护畜牧业的健康发展,更承担有保障食品安全的责任。近几十年来,全球出现的重大传染病总与动物离不开关系,“人类的传染病大多数是来源于动物。”张改平称,在新发的人类传染病中,从动物感染到人类的病原体占比达到了75%~80%。据统计,世界已证实的人畜共患病有250多种,中国已证实的人畜共患病疾病也有约130种。

大发体育SUIZHEXINFAZAIFARENCHUGONGHUANBINGPINPINCHUXIAN,DAOYANGZHIHUANJIEZHONGKANGSHENGSUDELANYONG,SHIPINANQUANWENTIYUFAYANJUN,SHOUYIXUEDENEIHANDEDAOYANSHEN。ZHANGGAIPINGBIAOSHI,CONGGUOQUDEZHENLIAODONGWUYIBING,SHOUYIGONGZUOYIFAZHANDAOBAOHUDONGWUJIANKANG、BAOZHANGSHIPINANQUANHERENLEIJIANKANG、TIGAODONGWUFULIHEBAOHUHUANJINGDENGDUOGEFANGMIAN。ZHANGGAIPINGRENWEI,SHOUYIXUEZUOWEIYIMENGULAOERYOUZHANGXINDEXUEKE,RUHEJIEJUESHOUYISHIYEFAZHANZHONGMIANLINDEXINRENWU、XINWENTI、XINTIAOZHAN?RENCAIPEIYANGSHIJICHU,SHOUYIJIAOYUZERENZAIJIAN、RENZHONGDAOYUAN。CHUMUSHOUYIDEZHUANXIANGFANGZHIGONGZUOSHIGONGGONGWEISHENGZHONGZHONGYAODEYIBUFEN,FANGYIGONGZUODEZHANKAIWEICHUMUYEDEFAZHANCHUANGZAOLELIANGHAODEHUANJING。DANGJINSHEHUICHUMUYEGUANGFANFAZHAN,QIZHONGDEANQUANFANGYIWEISHENGGONGZUOYEZHUJIANBEISHOUYIGONGZUOZHESUOZHONGSHI。YINCI,CHULIHAOCHUMUSHOUYIDEFANGYIGONGZUOCAINENGJINYIBUZHUNQUEDEWEISHEHUIJINGJICHUANGZAOGENGGAODESHEHUIJIAZHI,TONGSHIYEBAOZHANGLEWOGUOJINGJISHILIDEJINYIBUWENGU。CHUMUBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUOBEISHOUGUANZHU,WEIGUOJIADENONGYEJINGJIBIAOZHUNHUASHISHIGUOCHENGQIDAOLECUJINZUOYONG,XIANGGUANGUOJIABUMENYEZAIBUDUANDUICHUMUYEBIAOZHUNHUADESHIXIANZUOXIANGGUANDENULIGONGZUO。

新形势下的兽医工作

今年以来,动物疫病防控形势稳中向好。农业部组织全国兽医系统坚持稳中求进的总基调,出实招、破难点,疫病防控策略全面优化升级、动物疫病区域化管理取得重大突破,全国动物防疫工作取得积极成效,动物疫病区域化管理取得重大突破。动物疫病净化策略走出前期“试验田”,正式推向全国。

第七届中国兽医大会上,中国兽医协会会长陈焕春院士指出,兽医从狭义上讲是进行动物诊疗工作的,兽医工作者的本质就是服务。随着中国经济的不断发展,兽医的作用和地位不断提升,服务范围也不断扩大,在保障养殖的生产安全、动物产品营养安全、公共卫生安全等方面发挥重要作用。目前国家对环境保护要求越来越严格,污染和病死畜无害化处理已成为妨碍畜牧业绿色发展的重要因素,这也对我国兽医工作提出了更高的要求。他表示,作为兽医人,要牢固树立服务第一的理念,从知识创新、技术创新、管理创新等方面着手,不断提高兽医服务水平,让技术在服务中体现,让价值在服务中实现。行业协会的建设和发展将迎来新机遇和新挑战。中国兽医协会将积极承担政府主管部门委托的有关工作,协助政府加强和改善兽医行政管理,积极研究兽医行业发展中存在的重大问题,为政府决策提供技术支持,提高兽医行业服务水平,积极开展国际间、组织间、行业间多方面的交流合作,开拓国际市场,提升行业整体素质和国家竞争力,积极发挥组织、协调和服务作用,积极推动我国执业兽医技术交流,引导、规范全国技术教育机构水平。农业部兽医局王功民副局长提出了新时代兽医事业发展重点任务。王功民副局长主要就“有成效、有基础、有困难、有方向、有目标、有办法“这六个方面,详细介绍了当前兽医事业发展的重点方向和兽医工作新定位,并阐述了“十三五”时期兽医工作目标,提出了“四项原则”和“四个目标”。他指出要在“十三五”时期做好九项工作,贯彻落实政府发布的国家动物疫病防治规划。中国动物疫病预防控制中心陈伟生主任指出应通过改革创新努力提高兽医社会化服务能力。陈伟生主任强调要提高兽医社会化服务能力并建议:一要加快立法,为兽医社会化服务提供法律保障;二要加强政策引导,推进兽医社会化服务体系建设;三要优化队伍,提高兽医社会化从业人员服务水平;四要扩大需求,提高执业兽医含金量。此次主题报告会旨在强化我国兽医从业者的服务意识,呼吁全国兽医从业者履行新时代兽医的职责。

畜牧兽医的工作现状和应对措施

一、畜牧兽医工作现状

1、JISHURENYUANZHISHILAOHUAZAICHUMUYEXUNSUFAZHANDEGUOCHENGZHONG,XIANGGUANJISHURENYUANDEWENHUASHUIPING,ZHISHILINGYUQUEMEIYOUXIANGYINGDETISHENG,JISHURENYUANDEZHISHIJIEGOUCHENJIUSHIFAZHANCHUMUSHOUYIGONGZUOZHONGDEZHUYAOZHANGAI,CHUMUSHOUYIDEGONGZUONENGLIZHIYUELECHUMUYEDEFAZHANSUDU。ZHIYOUTIGAOCHUMUYESHOUYIGONGZUORENYUANDEWENHUASUZHINENGLICAINENGJINYIBUTIGAOGONGZUOXIAOLV。BINGQIEZAIGONGZUOZHONGTONGGUOSUOXUENEIRONGJISHIZHAODAOJIEJUEWENTIDEBANFA。CHUMUSHOUYIDEZONGHEGONGZUOYEWUNENGLISHIZHIYUECHUMUYEZHENGTIFAZHANDEZHUYAOYINSU。2、FANGYIJIANDUGONGZUOCUNZAIDEZHUYAOWENTICHUMUYEDEFANGYITIXIHAIBUWANSHAN,QIJIANGUANCUOSHIZUODEHAIBUGOU。DANGQIANWOGUODECHUQINYANGZHILIANGYIJINGPAIDAOQUANSHIJIEDIYIWEI,CHUQINHEXIANGGUANCHANPINDELIUTONGYEZAIBUDUANZENGZHANG。SUOYI,ZUOHAODONGWUFANGYIJIANDUGUANLIGONGZUOJIUXIANGDUIKUNNANYIXIE。YINWEIXIANZAIDONGWUFANGYIJIANDUTIXIZAIXIANGZHEN、XIANQUZHEIXIEDIFANGDEFANGYITIXIHAIHENBORUO,YUSHEHUIFAZHANDESUDUBUPIPEI。BUWANSHANDECHUMUYEFANGYITIXI,SHIDEQIZHONGDECHUMUSHOUYIGONGZUORENYUANPINGSHIGONGZUOMEIYOUXINXIN,ZERENXINQUESHI,ZONGHEYEWUNENGLIDI,XIANGGUANDEFANGYIGONGZUOMEIYOULUODAOSHICHU。

ER、JIEJUEBANFA

 1、JINXINGKEXINGXINGFENXI

YAOXIANGFAZHANJICENGCHUMUSHOUYIGONGZUOZHAN,ZHENGFUJIUYINGGAINIDINGXIANGGUANDECUOSHI,BINGQIEZENGJIAXIANGYINGTOUZI。JIEHEDANGQIANWOGUOSHEHUIQINGKUANG,FENXICHUMUYEFAZHANWEISHEHUIFAZHANSUODAILAIDESHEHUIJIJINGJIXIAOYIHUIBAO,BINGQIESHISHIXIANGMUKEXINGXINGGUIHUA。GUOJIAYAOJIAQIANGCHUMUYECHUANRANBINGDEYIMIAOYANFANENGLI,YIFANGJINHOUCHUANRANBINGDEFANGZHIXIANGGUANGONGZUOSHOUDAOYINGXIANG。

2、TISHENGDUIWUZHENGTISUZHI

CHUMUYESHOUYIDEZHENGTISUZHIYAOCONGGENBENSHANGQUEREN,YIJU“ANXUYAOSHEGANG、YINGANGDINGRENDONGTAIGUANLI”DEFANGFAKONGZHIXIANGGUANRENYUANDEZHENGTISHUIPING,WEIDONGWUFANGYIJIANDUZHIFABUMENBIAOBANGXINDEMUBIAO。YAOJIAQIANGXIANGGUANRENYUANDEPEIXUNGUANLI,CONGDAODESUZHIXIUYANGDAOXIANGGUANFAGUI、ZHUANYEZONGHENENGLIJIXIANGGUANGONGZUOLIUCHENGDOUJIAQIANGPEIXUNGUANLI。DUIFANGYIJIANDUZHIFARENYUANZUODINGQIDEJIANCHA,YIZENGQIANGJIANDUDUIWUDEZHENGTINENGLI。ZUOHAOGONGZUOZERENZHIGUANLI,QUEBAOJIANDUGUANLITIXIDEGAOXIAO、KEJI、XIANJINDEGONGZUOFANGSHI。

大发体育3、JIADAZIJINTOURUCUJINDONGWUFANGYITIXIDEJIANKANGFAZHAN,YIDINGYAOZUNXUN《DONGWUFANGYIFA》DEXIANGGUANYAOQIU,MEIGEDIQUDECAIZHENGSHOUZHIYAOJIANGFANGYIXIANGGUANFEIYONGTIANJIAJINQU,BINGQIEYAOBUDUANJIAQIANGFANGYIJIANDUGUANKONGDENEIRONG。XIANGGUANGEBUMENYAOZUOHAOFANGYIJINGFEIDESHIJILUOSHIQINGKUANG,YICIJIANCHAXIEDIAOGUANLI,BINGQIEYAOSHIFANGYIJINGFEIMANZUYIMIAO、YAOJI、YILIAOQIXIEDENGYIYONGWUZIDEYONGLIANG,BAOZHENGDONGWUTIXIDEZHENGCHANGKAIZHAN。

 

防疫工作的关键在基层

基层畜牧兽医防疫工作具有重要的现实意义。做好这项工作能够确保畜牧动物的健康,有利于调整产业结构,增加人们的收入。要想做好防疫工作,必须从基层兽医、防疫员打好基础。基层防疫员是动物疫病防控的前战兵,直接冲在第一线,为重大疫病的管控做出了巨大的贡献。

大发体育SHOUYIZUOWEIDONGWUZHENLIAODEGUANJIANRENWU,SHICHUMUYEJIANKANGFAZHANDEZHONGYAOBAOZHANG,ZAICHUMUYEFAZHANZHONGSHIKEFAHUIZHEZHONGDAZUOYONG。DANMUQIANJICENGSHOUYIZAIZHIYEZHONG,YOUYUZHIYEYINSUJIAZHIQUESHAOZISHENDEFANGHUYISHI,JICENGSHOUYIDEANQUANJIANKANGSHUIPINGYUELAIYUESHOUDAOYEJIEDEGUANZHU。YI、XIANZHUANGJIWENTIJINNIANLAI,SUIZHECHUMUYEDEKUAISUFAZHAN,CHUQINYANGZHILIANGBUDUANZENGZHANG,DONGWUZHONGLEIGENGJIADUOYUAN,DONGWUJIBINGBIANDEGENGJUFUZADUOYANG。DADUOSHUJICENGDEFANGYIJIANCEGONGZUODOUSHIYIKAOXIANGZHENCHUMUSHOUYIJIANYIDEXIANGGUANGONGZUORENYUANLAISHISHI,ERZHEIYOUHUICHUXIANFANGYIRENYUANDEZONGHENENGLIDI,ZHUANYEJISHUBUGOUJINGZHAN,QIERONGYISHOUDAOCHUANTONGGUANNIANDEYINGXIANGYIJIJISHUSHUIPING、YILIAOSHESHIDENGYINSUDEZHIYUE,CUNZAIZHENLIAOHUANJINGJIAOCHA、ZISHENFANGHUYISHIBUGOU、ZHIYECAOZUOBUGUIFANDENGZHIYETEDIAN,ZAISHIJIDEGONGZUOZHONGNANYICAOKONGGEZHONGFANGYIGONGZUODEWENTI,ZHEIZHONGZHUANGKUANGDUIJICENGSHOUYIDEZISHENJIANKANGGOUCHENGLEJIDADEYINHUAN,BINGQIEDUIZHENGTIDEFANGJIANYIGONGZUODEZHANKAIYOUYIDINGDEYINGXIANG。

1、SHOUYIFANGHUYISHIJIAOCHA、ZHIYECAOZUOBUGUIFAN。JICENGSHOUYIPUBIANCUNZAISUZHICANCIBUQI、NIANLINGJIEGOULAOHUA,WENHUACHENGDUJIAODI,QIEFEIZHUANYERENSHIJUDUODENGTEDIAN。JIYOUZUCHUANSHOUYI,YEYOUCONGSHIYANGZHIDUONIANZICHENGDE“KANBINGNENGSHOU”,HAIYOUBUFENXIANGGUANZHUANYEBIYEDECONGYERENYUAN,DANZHEIXIESUOWEIDESHOUYIZAICONGSHIDONGWUZHENLIAOHUODONGZHIQIANJIBENMEIYOUJINGGUOXITONGDEPEIXUN,YEWEIQUDEXIANGGUANDESHOUYIZIGE,ZHEILEIXINGDESHOUYIZAIJICENGNENGZHANDAO75%YISHANG。YOUQISHIZUCHUANSHOUYIYIJISUOWEIDE“KANBINGNENGSHOU”,MEIYOUYIDINGDEYILIAOLILUNJICHU,JIBENSHIJICHENGLECHUANTONGDEZUOFAHUOPINGGERENGANJUE、JINGYANJINXINGZHENLIAO,BAOCHIYUANSHIGONGZUOXIGUAN。ZHENLIAODONGWUJIBINGSHI,HANHUCUCAO、MOLENGLIANGKE、CAOZUOJIANDAN,QUESHAOZISHENDEFANGHUYISHI,BUNENGYANGEZHIXINGCAOZUOGUICHENGYIJIPEIDAIHESHIDEFANGHUYONGPIN。ZHEIYANGZAIJINXINGDONGWUZHENLIAODESHIHOU,HENNANQUEBAOZISHENDEANQUAN。

2、SHOUYIZHIYEHUANJINGTIAOJIANBUWANSHAN。SUIZHEYANGZHIYEDEFAZHAN,DONGWUJIBINGBIAOXIANFUZADUOYANGQIEGENGJUBUQUEDINGXING,GONGZUODETESHUXINGSHITAMENCHANGCHENGWEIDONGWUYIBINGGANRANDEGAOWEIRENQUN。DANMUQIANJICENGSHOUYIZHIYEHUANJINGTIAOJIANLINGRENDANYOU,ZHENLIAOSHEBEIJIANLOU,YONGZHEJICHUDEZHENLIAOGONGJUKANZHEFUZADEDONGWUJIBING,YIXIEXIANJINDESHEBEIHAOXIANGYUTAMENWUYUAN;GONGZUOHUANJINGJIAOCHA,YIXIECHANGBEIDEXIAODU、GELISHESHIWUCONGTANQI,FANGHUYONGPINYANZHONGDUANQUE。ZHEIZHONGGONGZUOHUANJINGYUDANGQIANDONGWUYIBINGDEFANGKONGXINGSHIHENBUXIANGFU,SHOUYICONGYEZHEZAIGONGZUOZHONGHENNANBAOZHANGZISHENANQUAN。

 

二、对策

大发体育1、JIAQIANGDUIJICENGSHOUYIFANGHUZHISHIDEPEIXUN。JICENGSHOUYIPUBIANCUNZAIDUIFANGHUZHISHIBUGOUSHUXI、ZIWOBAOHUYISHIBUQIANGDENGQINGKUANG,JIAQIANGPEIXUNSHIGUANJIANDECUOSHI。YINGTONGGUOGEZHONGGUIFANCAOZUOXUNLIAN,GAIZHENGGONGZUOGUOCHENGZHONGDEBULIANGXIGUAN,ZUODAOZIWOFANGHU。

2 、GAISHANJICENGSHOUYIDEZHENLIAOHUANJINGTIAOJIAN。ZUOWEISHOUYIGONGZUOZHE,YONGYOULIANGHAODEGONGZUOHUANJINGHEBIBEIDEYILIAO、FANGHUSHESHISHIZUOHAODONGWUZHENLIAOGONGZUODEQIANTI,YESHIZUOHAOZISHENFANGHUDEBAOZHANG。MIANDUIDANGQIANFUZADUOBIANDEDONGWUJIBING,JICENGSHOUYIZAIJINXINGDONGWUZHENLIAOHUODONGSHI,YINGDANGCAIQUXIAODU、GELIDENGCUOSHI,PEIDAISHOUTAO、KOUZHAODENGFANGHUZHUANGBEI,ERQIEJINLIANGYAOXUANZEZAIFUHEZHENLIAOTIAOJIANDEHUANJINGXIAZHIYE,ZHEIYANGCAINENGQUEBAOSHOUYIGONGZUOZHEDEZISHENANQUAN。

大发体育3、BAOCHILIANGHAODEZISHENMIANYIZHUANGTAI。SHOUYIJINGCHANGJIECHUGELEIDONGWUCHUANRANXINGJIBING,YOUQISHIYIXIERENCHUGONGHUANBING,DUIZISHENCUNZAIQIANZAIDEWEIXIANXING。YINCI,ZHANGQICONGSHIBUTONGDONGWUZHONGLEIZHENLIAODESHOUYI,YAOZUOHAOKUANGQUANBING、BUBINGDENGYIMIAODEMIANYIZHUSHE,TIGAOZISHENMIANYIZHUANGTAI,FANGZHIYIXIERENCHUGONGHUANBINGDEFASHENG。

大发体育4、ZHUZHONGSHOUYIZHIYEDEBIAOZHUNGUIFAN。KEXUESHIYONGFANGHUYONGJU。CHANGYONGDEFANGHUYONGJUYOUKOUZHAO、SHOUTAO、HUMUJING、FANGHUMIANZHAO、FANGHUYIFUDENG,SHOUYIRENYUANZAIJIBINGZHENLIAOHUOYIBINGFANGKONGGONGZUOSHI,YINGYANGEZUNSHOUCAOZUOGUICHENG,HELICAIQUFANGHUCUOSHI。

5、YANGCHENGJICENGSHOUYIRENYUANDESHOUWEISHENGXIGUAN。SHOUWEISHENGSHIJIANGDIGERENGANRANYIBINGFENGXIANZUIZHONGYAODECUOSHIZHIYI,SHIYUFANGGANRANZUIJIANDAN、ZUIJINGJI、ZUIYOUXIAODEFANGFA。JICENGSHOUYIRUGUOBUCHEDIXISHOU,CHANGHUIDAOZHICHUANRANBINGDELIUXINGHUOZAOCHENGZISHENDEGANRAN。

6、JIAQIANGYILIAOFEIQIWUDEGUANLI。YANGEANZHAOYILIAOFEIQIWUGUANLIBANFA,SHIXINGSHENGHUOLAJIHEYILIAOLAJIFENLIFANGZHI。ZUOHAOZIWOBAOHU,CHULIYILIAOFEIQIWUSHIYIDINGYAODAIKOUZHAOHESHOUTAO。

WENZHANGLAIYUANYU:XINHUASHUOSANNONG


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